These medications are initially used in the prophylaxis and treatment of malaria. Plaquenil has replaced chloroquine because it produces less retinal side effects. Recommended eye for sjogrens plaquenil Synthesis of chloroquine slideshare The side effect that is of greatest concern is retinal toxicity. Retinal toxicity of Plaquenil may manifest itself with subtle disturbances of the retinal pigment epithelium which may eventually lead to complete destruction of the macula in the form of bull’s-eye maculopathy. Retinal toxicity is found among people who take Plaquenil, especially for people who are female, 40-49 old, have been taking the drug for 5 - 10 years, also take medication Arava, and have Osteoporosis Hence, it is imperative that we become familiar with recognizing the spectrum of HVF and SD-OCT findings associated with Plaquenil retinal toxicity. Of note, SD-OCT, in combination with Humphrey visual field testing, is critical for the early detection of Plaquenil retinal toxicity. The toxicity resulting from the intake of Plaquenil is due to its affinity for melanin-containing structures in the body. Aside from its initial intended use, it has been also used for the management of rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus and several other connective tissue disorders . Retinal toxicity from plaquenil Retinal Physician - Hydroxychloroquine Maculopathy An Update., Will you have Retinal toxicity with Plaquenil - eHealthMe Plaquenil heart ratePlaquenil for lupus rashTaking plaquenil and sun exposureAcute chloroquine toxicity Hydroxychloroquine sulfate HCQ, Plaquenil is an analogue of chloroquine CQ, an antimalarial agent, used for the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune disorders. Its use has been associated with severe retinal toxicity, requiring a discontinuation of therapy. Retinal toxicity associated with chronic exposure to.. How to Succeed in Plaquenil Screenings. Dr. Noskow's Case Report Plaquenil Toxicity - Hollywood Eye Institute. Retinal toxicity has been shown in patients taking greater than 3 mg/kg/day of chloroquine or 6.5 mg/kg/day of hydroxychloroquine. While most cases of toxicity have been reported for chloroquine, hydroxychloroquine has supplanted it as the more commonly used treatment agent for both RA and SLE. 2 This article is from June 2011 and may contain outdated material. Download PDF. Many systemic medications may cause retinal toxicity. One such commonly used medication for dermatologic and rheumatologic inflammatory conditions is hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil, a chloroquine derivative. Plaquenil Toxicity Screening Plaquenil Toxicity Screening Plaquenil Toxicity Screening Hydroxychloroquine Sulphate Plaquenil medication has been effectively used for many years for a variety of infectious and autoimmune conditions, including rheumatoid Arthritis RA and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus SLE. On rare occasion, and usually after many years, Plaquenil can damage the central.