Her rheumatologist instructed her to undergo a baseline ocular examination prior to initiating Plaquenil (hydroxychloroquine, Sanofi-Aventis) therapy. Toxic maculopathy associated with chloroquine use was first documented in the literature five decades ago.1 In the United States, Plaquenil––an analog to chloroquine––is used to treat a variety of conditions, including rheumatoid arthritis, lupus and several distinct inflammatory disorders. Although the incidence of macular toxicity is infrequent with Plaquenil use (at a dosage of 200mg or 400mg q.d.), its visual impact can be devastating. Chloroquine high creatinine treatment Chloroquine eea1 Download PDF. Drug-induced ocular side effects are back in the spotlight, thanks to the Academy’s revision of its recommendations on screening for retinal toxicity from chloroquine and its analogue hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil. 1 There are hundreds of drugs with potential retinal toxicity—so many that the National Registry of Drug-Induced Ocular Side Effects doesn’t stratify them by. Macular toxicity is related to the total cumulative dose rather than the daily dose. Regular eye screening, even in the absence of visual symptoms, is recommended to begin when either of these risk factors occurs. Toxicity from hydroxychloroquine may be seen in two distinct areas of the eye the cornea and the macula. Hence, it is imperative that we become familiar with recognizing the spectrum of HVF and SD-OCT findings associated with Plaquenil retinal toxicity. Of note, SD-OCT, in combination with Humphrey visual field testing, is critical for the early detection of Plaquenil retinal toxicity. Initially, central visual acuity may be unaffected, but the patient may notice related paracentral scotomas that often interfere with reading. The associated classic retinal toxicity is described as a bull’s eye maculopathy (ring of depigmented retinal pigment epithelium that spares the foveal area). Plaquenil toxicity retina Plaquenil Toxicity - Bennett & Bloom Eye Centers, Hydroxychloroquine - Wikipedia Taking plaquenil and metoprolol togetherHydroxychloroquine urticarial vasculitisSide effects of plaquenil and methotrexate Ocular Surgery News The American Academy of Ophthalmology has published several dosing and screening recommendations for hydroxychloroquine to avoid potential retinal toxicity, yet some patients. Despite Plaquenil dosing recommendations, retinal toxicity.. How to Succeed in Plaquenil Screenings. Plaquenil Risk Calculators. However, risk increases with duration of use, and the guidelines call for annual screening after five years, or sooner if there are “unusual risk factors or a suspicion of early toxicity.” Anne E. Fung, MD, a retina specialist at Pacific Eye Associates in San Francisco, averages one Plaquenil screening a week, due to her close affiliation. Aug 01, 2009 By 2/2010 things were so dim I could not see to shop in stores. I quit taking Plaquenil but the DR still said no toxicity. My eyes continued to get worst. In tears I went back in July he finally sent me to a retina specialist. You don't have to have Bulls eye damage to have toxicity Over weight women over 60 should beware of taking Plaquenil. Sep 13, 2019 Note This document contains side effect information about hydroxychloroquine. Some of the dosage forms listed on this page may not apply to the brand name Plaquenil. For the Consumer. Applies to hydroxychloroquine oral tablet. Along with its needed effects, hydroxychloroquine the active ingredient contained in Plaquenil may cause some.